Fennel . . . .
(Foeniculum vulgare) Sacred to the God. It is an important natural habitat of the swallowtail butterfly. In several ancient civilizations fennel was used as an antidote for snakebite. The thyrsus, which were prominent in Dionysian ceremonies, was often made of giant fennel stalks with pine cones attached at the ends.

Parts Used: Leaf, root and seeds

Magical Uses: Hang over doors with St. John's Wort at Litha to repel evil spirits. Carry fennel to influence others to trust your words. Use for scenting soaps and perfumes to ward off negativity and evil. Grow near the home for the same purpose. Use in purification and healing sachets and spells.

Other Uses: The fruit or seed of this herb is useful for scenting soaps and perfumes, and is boiled in wine and drunk for snake bites or as an antidote to poisonous herbs or mushrooms. The seeds are chewed to allay hunger and ease indigestion. They are brewed for constipation, to increase breast milk and regulate menstruation; with root extract, they are detoxifying and diuretic.

To prevent wood ticks from biting your legs, wear a piece in your left shoe.

Research indicates Fennel helps repair the liver after alcohol damage. Fennel contains much sulphur, potassium and organic sodium.

Fennel oil should not be used by epileptics or young children.

Ferns . . . .
Male Fern (Dryopteris filixmas), Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum), Bracken (Pteridium aquilinum), Lady Fern, Polypody, or Oak Fern (Polypodium vulgare).
The Druids classified ferns as sacred trees. Uncurled fronds of Male fern were gathered at Midsummer, dried and carried for good luck. The root was added to love potions and the fronds eaten by those embarking on love quests.

Parts Used: Leaf and root

Magical Uses: The fern is protective. Throw on hot coals to exorcise evil spirits, drive away snakes and other bothersome creatures. It will cause rain if burned outside. When carried or worn it will guide you to treasures. Break the first frond of spring for good luck. Bite the first fond to guard against toothache until next spring.

Fern Carry fern "seeds" that you gathered on Midsummer's Eve for invisibility and drink the sap for eternal youth. It is said that if you are in an area covered by ferns at midnight, Puck will appear and give you a purse of gold. If this is done intentionally it is called 'watching the fern'. Moonwort is especially effective if gathered by moonlight. This fern aides in opening locks and breaking charms, is used in love spells, and has the alchemical reputation of being an herb to convert quicksilver into silver. Use it to conjure money.
Caution: do not ingest alcohol while taking this herb. Overdose can result in blindness and death.

Feverfew . . . .
(Tanacetum parthenum) Folk names: Also called. Featherfoil or Flirtwort. Semievergreen Feverfew has pungent, divided, medium to yellow-green leaves and white daisy flowers appearing in summer.

Parts Used: Leaf, flower, essential oil.

Magical Uses: Travelers carries it as a ward against sickness or accidents during their journeys. Protection; Purification; Defense; Cleansing

Other Uses: Feverfew's importance lies in its success in reducing some migraines. Chewed daily its accumulative effect is to reduce headache pains and inhibit the secretion of a compound implicated in migraine and arthritis; infused flowering tops are applied to ease headaches and arthritic swellings. A tea is taken for tinnitus and irregular periods. Warning: Fresh leaves can irritate the mouth.
Also used as a foot bath for swollen feet. Applied externally as a tincture, the plant is used in the treatment of bruises or to give instant relief from insect bites.

Feverfew's seditive properties make it useful in hysterical complaints, nervousness, low spirits, and is a general tonic. Also said to be good as a syrup for coughs, wheezing and breathing difficulties.

If a few flowers are carried they seem to keep bees away.

Flax . . . .
Flax (Linum usitatissimum) POISON Also called Linseed. Flax is used in rituals to Hulda, a Teutonic Goddess. She first taught man to cultivate flax, to spin it into linen thread and then weave into cloth.

Parts Used: Seed

Magical Uses: The chld who runs or dances in a flax field at the age of seven is assured of growing up to be attractive. Newborn babies are placed in a flax field to sleep for similar reasons. The blue flowers are worn as a preservative against sorcery. Sprinkle the altar with flax seeds while performing healing rituals or include it in healing mixtures.

Put flax seed in your shoe to ward off poverty. Use in money spells. Place a few seeds in your wallet, purse or pocket to attract money. Carry in your wallet or purse. A prosperity ritual is to place a container on the altar and add a few coins along with flax seeds. Repeat every day to bring prosperity into the home.

For protection while asleep, mix equal parts of flax seed and mustard seed and keep the mixture next to the bed. On the other side of the bed place a pan of cold water, and you will be guarded while you sleep. A box containing red pepper and flax seeds prevents evil from entering your home.

The immature seed pods are poisonous, and should never be ingested.

Foxglove . . . .
(Digitalis purpurea)

Also known as Fairy Gloves, Fairy Fingers, or Dead Men's Bells. A Druid sacred herb associated with the "little people".

Magical Uses: When grown in the garden it protects the land and home from evil. Once used in flying ointments. Now known to be toxic. Do not use. First year growth has been mistaken for Comfrey. Be cautious if harvesting in the wild. In Wales, housewives used to make a black dye from foxglove. This dye was used to paint crossed lines on the stone floors of the cottages to prevent evil from entering.

CAUTION! Please do not grow if you have children in your home or pets which use your yard. Highly toxic! If removing this plant from your property, please wear gardening gloves. However if poisoned by Foxglove, first summon medical help, then wash out the stomach with warm water and tannin, give epsom salts, apply heat externally, and stay in a horizontal position until help arrives.

Frankincense . . . .
Frankincense (Boswellia carteri) Also known as Incense, Olibans, Olibanum, Olibanus. Sacred to the Sun God Ra, frankincense is buned in rites of exorcism, purification, and protection.

Caution: Prolonged use of resins can damage the kidneys.

Parts Used: Resin

Magical Uses: Frankincense is used for ritual primarily as an incense. It is one of the best herbes for an offering or sacrifice due to the way it is harvested. A special knife is used to make a cut in the bark, and when the sap oozes out, it will dry to a tear-shaped bead, which is then gathered and processed. It is said to accelerate spiritual growth. It will aid meditations and visions.

The essential oil is used to anoint magickal tools, altars, etc. Add to sachets and amulets for luck, protection and to encourage spiritual growth.

Pliny mentions Frankincense as the antidote to Hemlock..

The resin is well suited for the consecration of wands and also other ritual items associated with self-will, self-control and the disciplines of one's ego.

In Ritual, it will help the conscious mind in maintaining focus and generates a sense of peace and re

spect for the larger world of spirit and the stunning beauty of the Universe. Frankincense has a cleansing quality within one's astral self, bringing purification to one's spiritual being, but also providing protection for those who walk in the world of spirit when taking an astral journey.

Frankincense shares an affinity with Topaz, and either will enhance the power of the other.

Fumitory . . . .
(Fumaria officinalis) Also known as Beggary, Earth Smoke, Fumiterry, Fumus, Fumus Terrae, Kaphnos, Nidor, Scheiteregi, Taubenkrpp, Vapor, Wax Dolls

Magickal Uses: Historically Fumitory has been burned to exorcise evil spirits. Sprinkle an infusion through your home and rub onto your shoes to draw money. Use in a purification bath before your rituals.

Fumitory is an excellent herbe to use on Hallow's Eve, and is among the better uses for dispelling negative energies. Use Fumitory to cense a temple

Fumitory makes a useful wash, infuse in water for the consecration of ritual tools. Fumitory lends itself to rituals of purification, such as the preparation of a new residence before moving in and unpacking.

An interesting use for Fumitory is as an incense prior to the Great Rite, where it is used to remove natural tendencies and attractions toward the sensual, thus allowing for better mental discipline and increased spiritual focus.


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